Geographic positionGeographic position:
Prijedor is located in north western part of Republic of Srpska, on the right bank of the Sana river, in an alluvial flats land known as the Prijedor field. The City is situated on 440 48 30 of northern latitude and 160 42 53 of eastern longitude. The area of the City is bordered from the northern part by the Kozara mountain, and a Behremaginica hill from the south. The Citys average altitude is 135 meters, and the highest peak of the Kozara mountain, belonging to the City of Prijedor, is a 987 meter - high Lisina. The length of the city area in direction of north - south is 32 km and nearly 46 km in direction east - west. The river called Sana runs through the City and its tributary Gomjenica whose waters supply the fish pond Saničani. The City has a favourable geostrategic position: it is 50 km away from Banja Luka by the main road and from each of these cities, Kozarska Dubica, Novi Grad and Sanski Most is 32 km away. The railway Sarajevo - Zagreb passes through Prijedor.
The surface of the City of Prijedor is 834 km2 and by number of population is the amongst the biggest in Republic of Srpska.
The relief is of a variable character so that there are three kinds of different areas in the city. Depression which encompasses the valleys of the Sana river, Gomjenica and Saničani fish pond. The size of this area is about 16.000 hectares. A hilly area encompassing the foot of the Kozara mountain, a milder hilly area towards Majdanska mountain. The size of this area is about 38.000 hectares. A hilly area encompassing the landscape of the Kozara mountain and parts of Ljubija local community. This area is mostly covered in forest with size of about 30.000 hectares. A type of soil varies. Dominant kind of soils are pseudogley, alluvial soils, brown degraded soil on clay, brown acid and brown carbonate soil. A part of the mentioned soils are of low natural fertility and its general characteristic is a weak provision with necessary plant nutrients, high soil acid and unfavourable water areal relation.